NH4Cl + KOH → KCl + NH3 + H2O – Balanced equation

Or you want a quick look:

This is an acid-base reaction (neutralization): NH4Cl is an acid, KOH is a base.


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  • NH4ClAmmonium chloride
    • Other names: Sal ammoniac , Salmiac , Nushadir salt
    • Appearance: White solid, hygroscopic ; Odourless colourless-to-white hygroscopic solid in various forms ; Finely divided, odorless, white particulate dispersed in air.
  • KOHPotassium hydroxide
    • Other names: Caustic potash , Lye , Potash lye
    • Appearance: White solid, deliquescent ; White hygroscopic solid in various forms ; Odorless, white or slightly yellow lumps, rods, flakes, sticks, or pellets. [Note: May be used as an aqueous solution.]


  • KCl
    • Names: Potassium chloride , Sylvite , Muriate of potash
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid ; Colourless hygroscopic crystals
  • NH3
    • Names: Ammonia , Azane (only intended for use in naming derivatives of ammonia) , Hydrogen nitride
    • Appearance: Colourless gas ; Colourless gas or compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour ; Colorless gas with a pungent, suffocating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas. Easily liquefied under pressure.]
  • H2OWater, oxidane
    • Other names: Water (H2O) , Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) , Hydrogen oxide
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas
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