3 HCl + HNO3 → NOCl + Cl2 + 2 H2O – Balanced equation

Or you want a quick look:

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

2 Cl-I - 2 e- 2 Cl (oxidation)

NV + 2 e- NIII (reduction)

HCl is a reducing agent, HNO3 is an oxidizing agent.

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This is a gas evolution reaction, NOCl and Cl2 is the formed gas.

Reactants:

  • HClChlorane , Hydrogen chloride
    • Other names: Hydrochloric acid , M , Uriatic acid
    • Appearance: Colorless, transparent liquid, fumes in air if concentrated ; Colorless gas ; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour ; Colorless to slightly yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.]
  • HNO3Nitric acid
    • Other names: Aqua fortis , Spirit of niter , Eau forte
    • Appearance: Colorless, yellow or red fuming liquid ; Colourless-to-yellow liquid with pungent odour ; Colorless, yellow, or red, fuming liquid with an acrid, suffocating odor. [Note: Often used in an aqueous solution. Fuming nitric acid is concentrated nitric acid that contains dissolved nitrogen dioxide.]

Products:

  • NOClNitrosyl chloride
    • Other names: Nitrogen oxychloride , Nitrogen chloride oxide
    • Appearance: Yellow gas ; Yellow gas with pungent odour
  • Cl2
    • Names: Chlorine , Molecular chlorine
    • Appearance: Greenish-yellow compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour ; Greenish-yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.]
  • H2OWater, oxidane
    • Other names: Water (H2O) , Hydrogen hydroxide (HH or HOH) , Hydrogen oxide
    • Appearance: White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas
READ  Cr(OH)3 + 3 HCl → CrCl3 + 3 H2O – Balanced equation
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