C6H6 + Cl2 → C6H5Cl + HCl – Balanced equation

Or you want a quick look:

This is an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction:

6 C-I - 2 e- 6 C-2/3 (oxidation)

2 Cl + 2 e- 2 Cl-I (reduction)

C6H6 is a reducing agent, Cl2 is an oxidizing agent.

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Reactants:

  • C6H6Benzene
    • Other names: Benzol (historic/German) , Cyclohexa-1 , 3
    • Appearance: Colorless liquid ; Colourless liquid with characteristic odour ; Colorless to light-yellow liquid with an aromatic odor. [Note: A solid below 42°F.]
  • Cl2
    • Names: Chlorine , Molecular chlorine
    • Appearance: Greenish-yellow compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour ; Greenish-yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.]

Products:

  • C6H5ClChlorobenzene
    • Other names: Benzene chloride , Monochlorobenzene , Phenyl chloride
    • Appearance: Colorless liquid ; Colourless liquid with characteristic odour ; Colorless liquid with an almond-like odor.
  • HClChlorane , Hydrogen chloride
    • Other names: Hydrochloric acid , M , Uriatic acid
    • Appearance: Colorless, transparent liquid, fumes in air if concentrated ; Colorless gas ; Colourless compressed liquefied gas with pungent odour ; Colorless to slightly yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.]
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